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Author Topic: Skin Infection: Cellulitis  (Read 268 times)

Demisam

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Skin Infection: Cellulitis
« on: March 29, 2018, 11:03:57 am »
Cellulitis

What is Cellulitis?
Cellulitis is a common bacterial skin infection. Cellulitis may first appear as a red, swollen area that feels hot and tender to the touch. The redness and swelling often spread rapidly. Cellulitis is usually painful.

In most cases, the skin on the lower legs is affected, although the infection can occur anywhere on your body or face. Cellulitis usually affects the surface of your skin, but it may also affect the underlying tissues of your skin. Cellulitis can also spread to your lymph nodes and bloodstream.

Cellulitis Causes and Risk Factors

Cellulitis occurs when certain types of bacteria enter through a cut or crack in the skin. Cellulitis is commonly caused by staphylococcus and streptococcus bacteria.

In 50 to 60 percent of cases, skin injuries such as cuts, insect bites, or surgical incisions are the cause of the infection. Certain factors also increase risk for developing cellulitis.

Common risk factors include:

weakened immune system
skin conditions that cause breaks in the skin, such as eczema and athleteís foot
intravenous drug use
history of cellulitis
Symptoms of Cellulitis

Cellulitis symptoms may include:

pain and tenderness in the affected area
redness or inflammation on your skin
skin sore or rash that appears and grows quickly
tight, glossy, swollen appearance of the skin
a feeling of warmth in the affected area
fever
Some common signs of a more serious cellulitis infection are:

shaking or chills
feeling of illness
fatigue
muscle aches
warm skin
sweating
Symptoms such as drowsiness, lethargy, blistering, and red streaks could signal that cellulitis is spreading. If any of these symptoms occur, you should contact your doctor immediately.

Treating Cellulitis

Your doctor will usually prescribe a two-week regimen of oral antibiotics to treat cellulitis. Even if symptoms improve within a few days, itís important to take all of the medication prescribed to ensure proper treatment. While taking antibiotics, monitor your condition to see if symptoms improve. In most cases, symptoms will improve or disappear within a few days. In some cases, pain relievers are prescribed. You should rest until your symptoms improve. While you rest, you should raise the affected limb higher than your heart to reduce any swelling.

If you donít respond to treatment within three days after beginning a round of antibiotics, if your symptoms get worse, or if you develop a fever, contact your doctor immediately.

Cellulitis should go away within seven to 10 days of starting antibiotics. Longer treatment could be necessary if your infection is severe. This can occur if you suffer from a chronic disease or if your immune system is not working properly. People with certain pre-existing medical conditions and risk factors may need to stay in the hospital for observation during treatment. Your doctor may advise hospitalization if you:

have high temperature
have high blood pressure
have an infection that does not improve with antibiotics
have a compromised immune system due to other diseases
require intravenous antibiotics when oral antibiotics do not work
 

 

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